多肉植物

亚狄大戟(Euphorbia abdelkuri)

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Euphorbia abdelkuri是大戟科家族中相对来说比较有特色的一个品种,原产于也门南部的阿布德·阿·库里岛,科:大戟科Euphorbiaceae属:大戟属Euphorbia拉丁名:Euphorbia abdelkuri Balfour fil中文名:亚狄麒麟异名:栖息地:也门,南非-东开普省,以色列形状:干旱花:黄色习性:适宜生存温度在15-35度之间。

大戟科-大戟属-亚狄大戟

亚狄大戟(Euphorbia abdelkuri)

原产地-也门

花色-黄色

光照-全光照

温度-15℃以上

栽培难度-困难

习性:适宜生存温度在15-35度之间。

初始命名:I.B.Blafour fil.1903,Nat.Hist.Socotra:528,ills.(发现者在植物没证明命名前的暂时用名,包含发现时间,地点等等信息,具体情况我也不是很了解)

原产地:Isle of Abd-el-kur,Yemen(也门Abd-el-kur岛屿)

植物命名寓意:为纪念Abd-el-kur岛屿而命名。(外国人有纪念产地,女王,当地特产的习惯)

生长形态:球装或柱装植物,很少分枝。偶尔有分枝也呈现二叉分枝。叶片2MM

花序:三聚花序。中央一朵主花,其他两个侧生,在幼年或虚弱的植物上侧枝花朵通常不发育,而且雌性柱头很朵时候也不发育,这点在侧枝花朵上更鲜明。这可以解释为什么很朵多时候本植物表现为雄性。

生长环境:需要全光照来保持植物形态的紧凑。生长期需水量适中(当草球养就可以了),需肥量适中。生长过程中可能遇见比较多的问题,不适合新手。本品种比较稀有,有时候价格比较高。

最低承受温度:15°C(60°F)

索科特拉岛丛生成一片一片的,野生状态下一般群生株高为90公分左右,在人工栽培的环境下单株株高可达1.5米。在栽培工程中需要注意的事,因为Euphorbia abdelkuri原产于热带,最低温度应该保持在10摄氏度以上,需要全日照环境。夏季需要充足的水分,其他季节都无需浇水

形态特征

Description:Euphorbia abdelkuriis a very peculiar candelabra-like succulent plant lacking both leaves and spines,which looks like a grey candle with whitish-grey melted wax on it.It form densely branched candelabra-like clumps usually not more than 1 m hight by 1.5 in diameter on one clump(but occasionally in habitat some plants can reach 3 m of height and an equivalent diameter).It is one of the most coveted Euphorbia species.

Remarks:It is the only Euphorbia species with yellow a yellow sap.

描述:大戟abdelkuri是一个非常奇特的烛台状的肉质植物的叶子和刺的缺乏,这看起来像一个灰白色蜡上灰色的蜡烛。它形成多分枝烛台状团块通常不超过1米的高度由直径1.5一丛(但偶尔会在一些栖息地植物可以达到3米的高度和直径)。这是一个最令人垂涎的大戟属植物。

Remarks:It is the only Euphorbia species with yellow a yellow sap.

备注:这是唯一的大戟属植物黄黄色的汁液

Roots:Spreading.

Stems:About 5 cm in diameter,pale greenish-grey,ash-grey to tan,columnar,more or less cylindrical,slightly constricted at intervals,spineless,simple,branching from the base or occasionally splitting dichotomously.Generally has 6 ribs with a somewhat wrinkled,worn looking'skin'with slightly raised conical tubercles.Often skin peels away revealing greener tissues beneath.The colour of the new growth is grey-pink to dark brown and it will then turn to the grey tan colour.The latex is yellow viciously acrid and highly poisonous.

Leaves:Very small,ephemeral.

Inflorescence:Simple cymes,very contracted from the base of the tubercles born towards the top of the stems.

Flower(cyathia):Small,turbinate,about 5 mm in diameter on 8 mm long peduncles.Nectar glands yellowish.Pedicel very short.

Fruit:Trigynous,vaguely lobed,dull-green,about 8 mm in diameter.

根:蔓延。

Stems:About 5 cm in diameter,pale greenish-grey,ash-grey to tan,columnar,more or less cylindrical,slightly constricted at intervals,spineless,simple,branching from the base or occasionally splitting dichotomously.Generally has 6 ribs with a somewhat wrinkled,worn looking'skin'with slightly raised conical tubercles.Often skin peels away revealing greener tissues beneath.The colour of the new growth is grey-pink to dark brown and it will then turn to the grey tan colour.The latex is yellow viciously acrid and highly poisonous.

茎:直径约5厘米,淡绿色,灰色,灰白色至褐色,柱状,大致呈圆柱形,稍缢缩在间隔的,懦弱的,简单的,分枝从基部或偶尔劈叉。一般有6根肋骨有点皱,憔悴的皮肤稍凸起锥形小瘤。通常皮肤剥离露出下面绿色组织。新的增长的颜色是灰色的粉红色到深棕色,然后它会变成灰棕色。乳胶是黄色的恶毒辛辣、高毒。

Leaves:Very small,ephemeral.

叶:非常小,短暂。

Inflorescence:Simple cymes,very contracted from the base of the tubercles born towards the top of the stems.

花序聚伞花序:简单,非常简约的结节的出世对茎的顶端的基础。

Flower(cyathia):Small,turbinate,about 5 mm in diameter on 8 mm long peduncles.Nectar glands yellowish.Pedicel very short.

花(杯状聚伞花序):小,陀螺状,直径约5毫米的8毫米长的花序梗。花蜜腺微黄。花梗非常短。

Fruit:Trigynous,vaguely lobed,dull-green,about 8 mm in diameter.

水果:雌蕊,依稀裂,暗绿色,直径约8毫米。

生长环境

Origin and Habitat:Endemic of the Abd al Kuri Island,next to Socotra Island,Yemen.

Habitat:It grows only in one locality on the Quatar Saleh(or Jebel Hassala)in a very arid area at an elevation of about 150 to 270 m in the middle of the mountain on limestone outcrops and granitic gravel slopes where they forms open thickets.The species is severely endangered and was reduced to only four clumps in 1967.The reasons for its decline are obscure:livestock do not touch it since it is highly poisonous.In the past this species was much more abundant all over a ridge from about 150 to 450 metres.Abd al Kuri is semi-desert with little or no vegetation.

起源和栖息地:特有的阿卜杜勒该岛,在索科特拉岛,也门。

Habitat:It grows only in one locality on the Quatar Saleh(or Jebel Hassala)in a very arid area at an elevation of about 150 to 270 m in the middle of the mountain on limestone outcrops and granitic gravel slopes where they forms open thickets.The species is severely endangered and was reduced to only four clumps in 1967.The reasons for its decline are obscure:livestock do not touch it since it is highly poisonous.In the past this species was much more abundant all over a ridge from about 150 to 450 metres.Abd al Kuri is semi-desert with little or no vegetation.

生境:生长在卡塔尔萨利赫只在一个地方(或山hassala)在非常干旱的地区在石灰岩露头和花岗质砾石山坡,形成开放的灌木丛中间的山区约150到270米的海拔。该物种受到严重威胁,并减少到只有四个团块在1967。其衰落的原因是不清楚的:因为它是高毒的,不接触它。在过去,这一物种更为丰富,从一个山脊上,从约150到450米。阿卜杜勒库里是半荒漠与很少或没有植被。

分布范围

南非开普勒,也门,以色列

繁殖方法

栽培与繁殖:由于其生长速度慢,且稀有性很难在它的根上生长。它几乎总是嫁接大戟海枣,但它可能是degrafted和道鸿沟,令人惊讶的是,它会很容易。失去一种植物是不常见的。它像一个阳光灿烂的位置。它最好在一个矿物的土壤,排水良好是必不可少的。水难在夏季和冬季保持干燥。它是一种生长缓慢的植物,一旦建立,它将在它的位置和土壤中的含量年。它可以容忍适度遮荫,和植物已生长在遮荫应慢慢硬化之前,把它放在充满阳光的植物将被严重烧焦的如果从阴影太突然变成了阳光。似乎没有问题,在一个沉重的夏季降雨区,在极为排水良好,矿化土壤混合。

Cultivation and Propagation:Due to its slow growth rate and rarity it is thought difficult to grow on its own roots.It is almost always grafted Euphorbia canariensis,but it may be degrafted and rootted and,surprisingly,it's quite easy to grow.It's uncommon to lose a plant.It like a sunny position.It does best in a mineral soil,good drainage is essential.Water sparingly during the summer months and keep dry in winter.It is a slow growing long lived plant and once established,it will be content in its position and with its soil for years.It can tolerate moderate shade,and a plant that has been growing in shade should be slowly hardened off before placing it in full sun as the plant will be severely scorched if moved too suddenly from shade into sun.Seems to have no problems growing in a heavy summer rainfall area,in extremely well drained,mineralized soil mix.

Frost tolerance:Very frost tender needs minimum winter temperatures around 10°C(or even more)

Propagation:It is usually reproduced by grafting or cuttings,but it may be propagated from seed sown during spring or summer(seeds are seldom available).

冰霜:非常冰霜,需要最少的冬季温度在10°C左右(甚至更多)

Propagation:It is usually reproduced by grafting or cuttings,but it may be propagated from seed sown during spring or summer(seeds are seldom available).

繁殖:通常是通过嫁接或扦插繁殖,但在春季或夏天播种的种子可能会繁殖(很少有种子)。

栽培技术

Grafting:The plants that are grafted on a more vigorous and easier stocks are easier to keep,grow faster and produce more flowers and seeds.The method of grafting euphorbias differs little from that of other succulents,except in one important aspect.The latex must be washed or sprayed off until hardly anything remains.After the latex flow has stopped,a further 1-2 mm slice can be taken from both surfaces without a new latex flow starting.Both scion and stock need to be at the start of the growing season.The stock should be cut as near as possible to the growing tip,as here the vascular bundles are dense and not yet woody and will feed the scion in the best possible way.Where possible stock and scion should be of similar diameter.The cut surfaces are held together with elastic bands in cross style,over the plant top and under the pot.The plants should be left in an airy and shady place for 7-10 days before the bands are removed.E.abdelkuriis grown almost exclusively grafted onEuphorbia canariensiswhich proven to be the ideal grafting stock.The grafting are very successful,new grafts often show growth within 3 weeks.

嫁接:嫁接在一个更具活力和更容易的股票的植物更容易保持,生长更快,产生更多的花和种子。大戟属植物的嫁接方法相差不大,其他多肉植物,除了一个重要的方面。乳胶必须清洗或喷过,直到几乎没有任何遗骸。后的胶乳流已经停止,一个进一步的1 2毫米的片可以采取从两个表面没有一个新的胶乳流开始。两接穗和砧木需要在生长季节的开始。股票应该削减尽可能近端生长,这里的维管束密集、没有木质会以最好的方式给接穗。可能的砧木和接穗应类似直径。切割表面与弹性带的交叉样式,在植物顶部和下锅。植物应在通风阴凉的地方,左为前7-10天带被删除。E.abdelkuri生长几乎完全嫁接在大戟海枣被证明是理想的嫁接。移植是非常成功的,新的移植往往显示在3周内增长。

保护现状

受到威胁!!!!!!!!!野外不是很常见,在国内有大量嫁接和自生根亚狄大戟,亚迪麒麟,但是亚狄锦自生根及落地十分罕见。并且嫁接的亚狄锦几乎不可以落地,无法生根,培育困难。

植物文化

Warning:As with all other Euphorbias when a plant get damaged it exudes a thick milky sap known as latex.This latex is poisonous and particularly dangerous for the eyes,skin and mucous membranes.So pay extreme attention not to get any in your eyes or mouth.Cultivated plants must be handled carefully.

警告:与所有其他的大戟属植物当植物被损坏它散发着浓浓的乳白色汁液称为乳胶。这种乳液是有毒的,特别是对眼睛,皮肤和粘膜的危险。所以要特别注意不要在你的眼睛或嘴巴里得到什么。栽培的植物必须小心处理。

物种区别

亚狄大戟亚狄麒麟锦Euphorbia abdelkuricv.Damask

Origin and Habitat:Garden origin.The original natural habitat of this species is the Abd al Kuri Island,next to Socotra Island,Yemen.

Synonyms:

Euphorbia abdelkuri cv.Damask

See all synonyms of Euphorbia abdelkuri

Description:TheEuphorbia abdelkuriis a very peculiar candelabra-like succulent plant which looks like a grey candle with whitish-grey melted wax on it.It form densely branched candelabra-like clumps usually not more than 1 m hight by 1,5 in diameter on one clump(but occasionally in habitat some plants can reach 3 m of height and an equivalent diameter).It is one of the most covetedEuphorbiaspecies.

cv.DamaskThis charming cultivars differs from the standardEuphorbia abdelkuriin its pinkish-reddish body colour,varying in intensity with light levels.This cultivar appeared during 1999 on an otherwise typical grey plant ofEuphorbia abdelkuri.

Roots:Spreading.

Stems:About 5 cm in diameter,pinkish-reddish,columnar,spineless,simple,branching from the base or occasionally splitting dichotomously.Generally has 6 ribs with a somewhat wrinkled,worn looking'skin'with slightly raised conical tubercles.Time by time some branches produces grey ribs.Grey colouring is usually confined to whole or half ribs to varying degrees.Random patches of grey on a plant rarely occur and then only on very young offsets.Change in a bicoloured plant is always for the red to take over partially or totally from the grey,never the opposite.The colour of the new growth is a a brighter pinkish red and it will then turn to the grey-pink colour.The latex is yellow.

Leaves:Very small,ephemeral.

Inflorescence:Simple cymes from the base of the tubercles.

Flower:Small cyathia about 5 mm in diameter on 8 mm long peduncles.Nectar glands yellowish.Pedicel very short.

Fruit:Vaguely lobed,about 8 mm in diameter.

起源与生境:花园起源。原来这个物种的自然栖息地是阿卜杜勒该岛,在索科特拉岛,也门。

Synonyms:

同义词:

Euphorbia abdelkuri cv.Damask

大戟abdelkuri CV。锦缎

See all synonyms of Euphorbia abdelkuri

看到所有的同义词abdelkuri大戟

Description:The Euphorbia abdelkuri is a very peculiar candelabra-like succulent plant which looks like a grey candle with whitish-grey melted wax on it.It form densely branched candelabra-like clumps usually not more than 1 m hight by 1,5 in diameter on one clump(but occasionally in habitat some plants can reach 3 m of height and an equivalent diameter).It is one of the most coveted Euphorbia species.

描述:这是一个非常特殊的abdelkuri大戟烛台状的肉质植物,它看起来像一个灰白色蜡在这灰色的蜡烛。它形成多分枝烛台状团块通常不超过1米的高度在1.5直径一丛(但偶尔会在一些栖息地植物可以达到3米的高度和直径)。这是一个最令人垂涎的大戟属植物。

cv.Damask This charming cultivars differs from the standard Euphorbia abdelkuri in its pinkish-reddish body colour,varying in intensity with light levels.This cultivar appeared during 1999 on an otherwise typical grey plant of Euphorbia abdelkuri.

简历。绫这个迷人的品种与它的粉红色红体颜色标准abdelkuri大戟,与光强度变化。这个品种出现在1999对大戟abdelkuri其他典型的灰色的植物。

Roots:Spreading.

根:蔓延。

Stems:About 5 cm in diameter,pinkish-reddish,columnar,spineless,simple,branching from the base or occasionally splitting dichotomously.Generally has 6 ribs with a somewhat wrinkled,worn looking'skin'with slightly raised conical tubercles.Time by time some branches produces grey ribs.Grey colouring is usually confined to whole or half ribs to varying degrees.Random patches of grey on a plant rarely occur and then only on very young offsets.Change in a bicoloured plant is always for the red to take over partially or totally from the grey,never the opposite.The colour of the new growth is a a brighter pinkish red and it will then turn to the grey-pink colour.The latex is yellow.

茎:直径约5厘米,淡红色,柱状的,懦弱的,简单的,分枝从基部或偶尔劈叉。一般有6根肋骨有点皱,憔悴的皮肤稍凸起锥形小瘤。时间一些树枝产生灰色的肋骨。灰色的着色通常只局限于整体或半肋骨不同程度的。在一个工厂上的灰色随机补丁很少发生,然后只在非常年轻的偏移量。在双色植物变化总是接管部分或完全从灰红色,没有相反的。新增长的颜色是明亮的粉红色,一一就变成灰色粉红色。乳胶是黄色的。

Leaves:Very small,ephemeral.

叶:非常小,短暂。

Inflorescence:Simple cymes from the base of the tubercles.

花序:在结节的基础简单聚伞花序。

Flower:Small cyathia about 5 mm in diameter on 8 mm long peduncles.Nectar glands yellowish.Pedicel very short.

花:小杯状聚伞花序约5毫米直径8毫米长的花序梗。花蜜腺微黄。花梗非常短。

Fruit:Vaguely lobed,about 8 mm in diameter.

果:依稀的,直径约8毫米。

栽培与繁殖:由于其生长速度慢,且稀有性很难在它的根上生长。它几乎总是嫁接大戟海枣,但它可能是degrafted和道鸿沟,令人惊讶的是,它会很容易。失去一种植物是不常见的。它像一个阳光灿烂的位置。它最好在一个矿物的土壤,排水良好是必不可少的。水难在夏季和冬季保持干燥。它是一种生长缓慢的植物,一旦建立,它将在它的位置和土壤中的含量年。它可以容忍适度遮荫,和植物已生长在遮荫应慢慢硬化之前,把它放在充满阳光的植物将被严重烧焦的如果从阴影太突然变成了阳光。似乎没有问题,在一个沉重的夏季降雨区,在极为排水良好,矿化土壤混合。

Frost tolerance:Very frost tender needs minimum winter temperatures around 10°C.

冰霜:非常冰霜,最少需要10个左右的冬季温度。

Propagation:Graft.The cv.Damask is usually grown almost exclusively grafted on Euphorbia canariensis which proven to be the ideal grafting stock.The grafting are very successful,new grafts often show growth within 3 weeks.But,as it contains chlorophyll and would seem to differ from the norm only in colour and possibly a greater tendency to branch,probably it can be grown on its own roots too.

繁殖:嫁接。简历。锦缎通常生长几乎完全嫁接在大戟海枣被证明是理想的嫁接。移植是非常成功的,新的移植往往显示在3周内增长。但是,因为它含有叶绿素,似乎不同于规范的颜色,可能是一个更大的倾向,它可以生长在它自己的根太。

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